Varnish log commands

Varnish log save into log file:
sudo varnishlog -cw access.log

Varnish log read:
varnishlog -r access.log

View user-agent in realtime :
varnishtop -C -I ReqHeader:User-Agent

View user ip in realtime:
varnishtop -C -I ReqHeader:X-real-ip

View request URL in realtime:
varnishtop -C -I ReqURL

View request detail information filtered by specific URL:
varnishlog -q “ReqURL ~ ‘^/directory'”

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CKEditor 5 adding image upload plugin

CKEditor 5 is good because of easy installation and usage.

However when I tried to add image upload plugin, it wasn’t that easy.

I would like to share the tips how to add.

Below instruction was very helpful for figuring out how to:

  • Install CKEditor 5 classic
npm install --save @ckeditor/ckeditor5-build-classic 
yarn run build
  • Install image upload, simple upload plugin.
npm install --save @ckeditor/ckeditor5-upload 
npm install ckeditor5-simple-upload
  • Open src/ckeditor.js file and add below
import ImageUpload from '@ckeditor/ckeditor5-image/src/imageupload';
import SimpleuploadPlugin from 'ckeditor5-simple-upload/src/simpleupload'
  • After adding the plugin, run build command
yarn run build
  • Create test page.
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <script src="/adm/ckeditor_classic/ckeditor5-build-classic/build/ckeditor.js"></script>
  <div id="editor"></div>
var cb = function() { return (new Date()).getTime() }
    .create( document.querySelector( '#editor' ), {
      simpleUpload: {
        uploadUrl: {url:'/adm/ckeditor_classic/upload_image.php', headers:{ 'x-header':'myhead', 'x-header-cb': cb } }
    } )
    .catch( error => {
        console.error( error );
    } );
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Regular expression examples

Remove style in html tag

$text = preg_replace(“/style=\”[^\”>]+\”/i”, ”, $text);


<span style=”font-family: Georgia, serif;” style=”font-family: Georgia, ‘Times New Roman’, Times, serif; font-size: 16px; line-height: 26px;”>some text</span>


<span >some text</span>

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Increase timeout on apache server on ubuntu 18

Sometimes we need to have more time for executing heavy script on apache server. In this case, it shows time out error like this.

504 Gateway Time-out

To increase limit, we need to check 2 things. Apache and PHP configuration.

Increase in PHP

Open the php.ini file and modify below.

vi /etc/php/7.0/apache2/php.ini<br>

Below is just example, change the value according to your needs.

max_execution_time = 120
max_input_time = 120
memory_limit = 256M

Increase in Apache

Open Conf file and add below.

cd /etc/apache2/sites-available/
vi yourfile.conf

Set timeout

TimeOut 600
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Install HAProxy on Percona XtraDB custers

I have posted how to install Percona XtraDB cluster previously. And I want to show how to use the DB clusters from web server.

To use the multiple nodes from one or multiple web servers, it need load balancer. There’s several LB but HAProxy is one of most popular and easy to install.
Here’s documentation from Percona how to set up HAProxy on Percona XtraDB clusters.

Let’s say there are Percona DB nodes synced each other and one web server. web node1 node2

And I would like to make web server connected to 2 db nodes.

Config and install HAProxy on web server

Download and Install HAProxy on web server.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:vbernat/haproxy-1.8
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install haproxy

Then config HAProxy.

sudo vi /etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg

Then add this below. We will use port 3307 and localhost to connect Mysql nodes. And HAProxy will routes the traffic to db nodes using port 3306.

frontend pxc-front
  bind *:3307
  mode tcp
  default_backend pxc-back

frontend stats-front
  bind *:80
  mode http
  default_backend stats-back

frontend pxc-onenode-front
  bind *:3306
  mode tcp
  default_backend pxc-onenode-back

backend pxc-back
  mode tcp
  balance leastconn
  option httpchk
  server node1 check port 9200 inter 12000 rise 3 fall 3
  server node2 check port 9200 inter 12000 rise 3 fall 3

backend stats-back
  mode http
  balance roundrobin
  stats uri /haproxy/stats
  stats auth pxcstats:secret

backend pxc-onenode-back
  mode tcp
  balance leastconn
  option httpchk
  server node1 check port 9200 inter 12000 rise 3 fall 3
  server node2 check port 9200 inter 12000 rise 3 fall 3 backup

Install clustercheck on nodes

Install Clustercheck on each db nodes. Clustercheck is checking mysql health and display the status on web port 80. So that HAProxy knows which node is live and available.

First create clustercheckuser on mysql.

GRANT PROCESS ON *.* TO 'clustercheckuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'clustercheckpassword!'

Then download clustercheck from git repository and place into /usr/bin/clustercheck on node server.

git clone
mv  /root/clustercheck /usr/bin/clustercheck

The edit the downloaded file.

vi /usr/bin/clustercheck

Here’s important part, there’s typo in the programming where the mysql username and password recorded. Fix it like below, you can change the user name and password but it should be matched with the mysql user information created above. For me, this took an hour to find out this bug. No body reported this bug on the git repository although this is at least 3 years old.


Add clustercheck in mysqlchk

Configure mysqlchk file and designate where is clustercheck file located. (/usr/bin/clustercheck)

vi /etc/xinetd.d/mysqlchk
# default: on
# description: mysqlchk
service mysqlchk
        disable = no
        flags = REUSE
        socket_type = stream
        port = 9200
        wait = no
        user = nobody
        server = /usr/bin/clustercheck
        log_on_failure += USERID
        only_from =
        per_source = UNLIMITED

Install xinetd

xinetd is service where we can monitor using port 80. Add mysqlchk service in the xinetd.

vi /etc/services

Then searching for xinetd and add after below.

mysqlchk    9200/tcp    # MySQL check

We need to install xinetd if it is not installed.

sudo apt-get update -y
sudo apt-get install -y xinetd

Start xinetd using below command.

sudo service xinetd start

You can check health status of nodes from web browser, port 9200.

Make sure the message saying: Percona XtraDB Cluster Node is synced.
If it says Percona XtraDB Cluster Node is not synced. then check if the clusteruser login information matched with mysql user and credential on the file (/usr/bin/clustercheck)

You can also check through terminal.


Connectivity from web server

From web server, check if the connection to db node is working through port 3306.

mysql -uyourmysqluser -p -P 3306 -h -e "show variables like 'wsrep_node_name';"

If there’s no problem, also check connection using port 3307, through HAProxy.

mysql -uyourmysqluser -p -P 3307 -h -e "show variables like 'wsrep_node_name';"

If everything works fine, you will see below and now mysql is connected using host and port 3307.

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Installing Percona XtraDB Cluster on Ubuntu 18.04

Mysql DB is great, it’s free and has good performance. Also has good combination with Apache and PHP.

But we need to use multiple DB servers for High availability. And the each db clusters need to be synced and keep the same data for each server while it delivers or updates records.

Percona XtraDB could be great solution for it. I would like to present how to install percona XtraDB on 3 servers.

We need to have 3 DB servers with Ubuntu 18.04. The original documentation can be found on Percona website.

Open Ports

I set it up with 3 servers, with these IPs.

Percona1 -
Percona2 -
Percona3 -

Before starting, some of server ports need to be opened for communicate each other.

Open 3306, 4444, 4567, 4568 ports for each servers. And open the ports using below commands.

iptables -A INPUT -i eth0 -p tcp -m iprange --src-range --dport 3306 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -i eth0 -p tcp -m iprange --src-range --dport 4444 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -i eth0 -p tcp -m iprange --src-range --dport 4567 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -i eth0 -p tcp -m iprange --src-range --dport 4568 -j ACCEPT

If you are using AWS, you will need to open the ports as well on security groups. Just like this.

Remove apparmor or Mysql

I strongly recommend do not install mysql before installing Percona DB. It will conflict and may not working properly.
Also remove apparmor before installing.

sudo apt-get remove apparmor

Install Percona XtraDB package

Using below command, install package. During installation, you will need to set up root password.

wget$(lsb_release -sc)_all.deb 
sudo dpkg -i percona-release_0.1-6.$(lsb_release -sc)_all.deb
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install percona-xtradb-cluster-full-57

Prepare same for all 3 servers. If you are using cloud service, like AWS, you may want to take snapshot and duplicate the Percona servers.

Login into all servers and stop mysql service.

sudo service mysql stop

Config mysql on master

I have prepared these 3 nodes.
Percona1 –
Percona2 –
Percona3 –

And config mysql on master server( All servers will be set up as master, but at the beginning, we need to designate one server for master and others could be synced into it.

vi /etc/mysql/my.cnf







!includedir /etc/mysql/conf.d/
!includedir /etc/mysql/percona-xtradb-cluster.conf.d/

Set all node with same configuration but you will need to change wsrep_cluster_address for all your nodes and configure below line.


Also set your sstuser and password for this line:


Create SST user

Login to each nodes and login to mysql. Then create SST users.

CREATE USER 'sstuser'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'sstuser_password';

CREATE USER 'sstuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'sstuser_password';

Open port from terminal

Double check if port is opened and it communicate each other.

iptables --append INPUT --in-interface eth0 --protocol tcp --match tcp --dport 3306 --source --jump ACCEPT
iptables --append INPUT --in-interface eth0 --protocol tcp --match tcp --dport 4567 --source --jump ACCEPT
iptables --append INPUT --in-interface eth0 --protocol tcp --match tcp --dport 4568 --source --jump ACCEPT
iptables --append INPUT --in-interface eth0 --protocol tcp --match tcp --dport 4444 --source --jump ACCEPT

Run first node

For the first node, this need to be executed.

/etc/init.d/mysql bootstrap-pxc

After that check status with mysql command below.

show status like 'wsrep%';
wsrep_local_state_comment should show as synced and wsrep_cluster_size will be 1

Run all other nodes

Run 2nd nodes using mysql command and check the status

/etc/init.d/mysql start
show status like 'wsrep%';
wsrep_cluster_size should be 2 and wsrep_local_state_comment should show as Synced

Run all other nodes with same way. wsrep_cluster_size should be same node number as all node servers at the end.

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Delete ._ files using linux command

I found out my files are corrupted files starting with ._
I don’t know why / how these files created but I don’t like all duplicated with trash files.

I guess this is created when I copy files from my mac computer to the server. Any how, I wanted to delete these files.

Solution is simple, run this command then it will delete all the sub directories recursively.

find . -iname '._*' -exec rm -rf {} \;

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SSL change to https using Let’s Encrypt

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:certbot/certbot

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install python-certbot-apache

sudo certbot --apache -d

After that, add crontab to auto renewal of certificate.

30 1 * * * /usr/bin/certbot renew --quiet
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Vagrant error: failed to open /dev/vboxnetctl: No such file or directory

I haven’t used vagrant + virtualbox for a while and an error shows up when I tried to reuse.

I have googling about it and I found solution.

sudo /Library/StartupItems/VirtualBox/VirtualBox restart

But I got different error when I tried this.

sudo: /Library/StartupItems/VirtualBox/VirtualBox: command not found

And I have checked vagrant version.

vagrant version
Installed Version: 1.9.1
Latest Version: 2.2.3

I found my vagrant version is quite old. So I have downloaded new vagrant file and reinstalled. You can download updated version from

Also I have upgraded Virtualbox as well.

Then Vagrant start working as before.

$ vagrant up

It’s always good to have things are updated.

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